Mercedes to Use FORMULA 1 Engine Technology in Road Cars

Mercedes to Use FORMULA 1 Engine Technology in Road Cars

Mercedes recently announced that it is planning to use FORMULA 1 engine technology in the future production model of its Mercedes-AMG supercars.

To be precise, Mercedes aims to use modified MGU-H (Motor Generator Unit-Heat) in a road car to boost the engine’s response to the throttle and its output capacity.

Turbocharged engines were first introduced in F1 Cars in order to boost the power output capacity of the V6 1,6 litre FORMULA 1 engine in 2014.

The MGU-H is one of the elements of the Power Unit along with the FORMULA 1 Engine, Turbocharger (TC), MGU-K (Kinetic), the Energy Store (ES) and the Control Electronics (CE)

The turbocharger supplies compressed air to the combustion chamber, optimising fuel efficiency and helping the engine to generate higher output.

What is MGU-H in a FORMULA 1 Power Unit?

An MGU-H (Motor Generator Unit-Heat) is an element that can recover energy from the hot gasses from the FORMULA 1 engine exhaust.

These gases turn a turbine which produces electrical energy thereby salvaging energy which would have otherwise gone to waste.

The electrical energy is supplied to a motor which, attached to a compressor, compresses fresh air that is supplied at the required density to the turbocharger.

The turbocharger injects the optimal quantity of fresh air at the right density to the engine to allow greater output force from the combustion of the fuel/air mixture.

How much air is to be supplied at what speeds of the car is determined by the commands of the driver of the car with the throttle, gears and the clutch.

The quantity and density of air are controlled by the CE, which means that the combustion chamber of the engine gets the optimum quantity of air for the optimum fuel input.

This mixture of fuel and compressed air, when ignited by a spark plug, gives an additional downward force to the piston which is the production stroke.

The use of an MGU-H not only enhances the output of the FORMULA 1 engine, but it also optimises fuel use as most of the fuel used in combustion.

The additional energy generated by the MGU-H is stored in the ES which is a rechargeable battery, and which the driver claims back when he presses down on his throttle to accelerate.

The MGU-K also reclaims energy when the car brakes or decelerates and this power is also stored in the ES.

How does Mercedes plan to use the MGU-H in Road Cars?

The MGU-H backed turbocharger is the most complex part of the FORMULA 1 Power Unit.

The MGU-H and turbocharger technology was introduced in 2014 in order to reduce the size of the FORMULA 1 engine and to optimise the use of fuel.

Mercedes has won both the World Drivers’ and the World Manufacturers’ Championships every year since 2014 and easily at that.

They are well on their way to winning the 2020 World Championships also, emphasising the fact that they have mastered the FORMULA 1 engine and Power Unit technology.

Mercedes says that an innovative version of an MGU-H in their future Mercedes-AMG supercars will be called the “electric exhaust gas turbocharger”.

They claim that they have developed the new turbocharger in collaboration with the famed turbocharger manufacturer Garrett Motion.

The design includes an electric motor coupled to the turbine on one side and a compressor compressing fresh air on the other.

The compressor will be primed by the motor before the hot gasses enter the exhaust to turn the turbine.

This will mean that road car drivers will have the full turbo power available to them at take-off and when accelerating.

This will help the engine of these cars to generate more power while increasing the fuel efficiency of the car.

A better response to the throttle by the engine, will substantially improve the overall driving experience of the driver.

Mercedes-AMG CEO Tobias Moers confides that “We have clearly defined our goals for an electrified future”.

“In order to achieve them, we are relying on discrete and innovative components as well as assemblies”.

He said that “With this move, we are strategically supplementing our modular technology and tailoring it to our performance requirements”.

Conclusion

This decision by Mercedes-AMG shows why FORMULA 1 is the best testing laboratory to test the advanced technology to boost the power output of auto engines.

This is one way that FORMULA 1 can pay back their fans for their devotion: give them the power to experience what they enjoyed watching on the FORMULA 1 race track.

More importantly, FORMULA 1 engine technology can reduce the carbon footprints of autos and may one day switch to all electrical vehicles.

Leave a Comment

Recommended For You

How Are F1 Cars Shipped Between Countries?

Formula One (F1) is one of the worlds most popular ...

Formula 1 vs IndyCar – Which Is Faster?

Formula 1 vs IndyCar - Which is faster? Both racing ...
How Does A Formula 1 Car Work?

How Does A Formula 1 Car Work?

With so much speed and power, how does a Formula ...
How Do Teams Develop An F1 Car?

How Do Teams Develop An F1 Car?

How do teams develop an F1 car? As with most ...
What Are F1 Sprint Qualifying Races?

What Are F1 Sprint Qualifying Races?

Just what are F1 sprint qualifying races? The British Grand ...

More in News

MONZA, ITALY - SEPTEMBER 12: Max Verstappen of Netherlands and Red Bull Racing prepares to drive in the garage before the F1 Grand Prix of Italy at Autodromo di Monza on September 12, 2021 in Monza, Italy. (Photo by Bryn Lennon/Getty Images) // Getty Images / Red Bull Content Pool // SI202109120236 // Usage for editorial use only //

Max Verstappen Ready To Keep Pushing

With two weeks between Monza and Russia, the collision between ...
2021 Azerbaijan Grand Prix, Friday - Toto Wolff (image courtesy Mercedes-AMG Petronas)

Toto Wolff Looking To Lean On Experience In Championship Chase

After a weekend off to recharge the batteries following an ...
Formula 1 Drive to Survive Season 3

Where To Watch Formula 1

Have you just discovered the delights of F1? Switched TV ...
Who Are The F1 Stewards? | Formula 1 2021: Italian Gp

Who Are The F1 Stewards?

The F1 terminology glossary defines a steward as “One of ...
2021 Russian Grand Prix Tyre Compounds

2021 Russian Grand Prix Tyre Compounds

2021 Russian Grand Prix Tyre Compounds: For the first time ...

Trending on F1 Chronicle