What Engines Do F1 Cars Use In 2022?

What Engines Do F1 Cars Use In 2022
What Engines Do F1 Cars Use In 2022

What engines do F1 cars use in 2022? The FIA had planned on sweeping changes to the technical regulations in order to make Formula 1 a level playing field. The pandemic struck in 2020, greatly altering the view of the stakeholders. In March 2020, all the players got together and decided that the changes planned for 2021 would have to be delayed by a year. The general opinion was that the delay would ease the financial burden of the competing teams. They concluded that the cars used in 2020 could be used to race in 2021.

The 2022 season will see many changes in the FIA technical regulations. Following the expert from abetterbid auction, most of the new regulations were aimed at reducing “dirty air” and making Formula 1 racing more competitive. Lewis Hamilton and Mercedes had walked away with the Drivers’ and Constructors’ championships for eight years in a row respectively. Formula 1 was getting too predictable for the fans.

Max Verstappen upset Lewis Hamilton’s apple cart in 2021. He won the Drivers’ championship while Mercedes retained the Constructors’ Championship that year. Red Bull had to remain content with only the Drivers’ championship. Drivers were still struggling with the problem of dirty air. Following closely was next to impossible.

Among the several technical changes, the FIA has spared the V6 engine used since 2014. However, some elements related to the efficiency and performance of the engine will be affected. The power unit will be monitored more closely. The fuel used in the F1 car will have a higher bio-fuel concentration than before. 

This article will take a look at the changes in the FIA/Formula 1 technical regulations that will affect the performance of the engine.

What changes will affect F1 2022 engine performance?

A Formula 1 car relies on the engine for most of its power output. But the power unit also substantially contributes to the power output by reclaiming energy. The increase in the percentage of bio-fuel mixed in the petrol used in the engine will also force changes in the engine and will affect its performance.

What are the changes to the F1 Power Unit?

A Formula 1 Power Unit consists of the Internal Combustion Engine (ICE), Turbo Charger, MGU-K, MGU-H, Control Electronics and Power Store. A new Power Unit was introduced in 2014 with the V6 engine. This power unit was less noisy than the earlier version used. Teams made changes and modifications to the PU within the limits set by F1 to make their cars more efficient.

For the 2022 Formula 1 season, teams have a deadline for freezing any alterations or upgrades to the ICE, turbo, MGU-H, engine oil, exhaust system and fuel specifications by 1st March. The deadline for the Energy Store, Control Electronics and MGU-K the deadline is a bit slacker and has been set to 1st September.

Once past the deadline, the freeze will only be relaxed in extreme circumstances. A team lagging well behind its rivals could be considered for a reprieve. The decision will solely be up to F1 after an appeal by the concerned team. The same power unit will be used till 2025 with alterations/upgrades as allowed by the FIA/F1.

How has the composition of fuel been affected?

The FIA is trying hard to meet its commitment to be carbon neutral by 2030. Given the policy, the FIA has increased the component of biofuel to be mixed with unleaded gasoline. Formula 1 cars until the end of 2021 used 87 octane unleaded gasoline mixed with 5.75% bio components. The 2022 Formula 1season will see the bio component of the fuel rise to 10%.

In effect, Formula 1 cars will race with E10 fuel in their fuel tanks. In the designation, E stands for Ethanol and 10 represents the percentage that will be mixed in the fuel. Importantly, ethanol must be a second-generation biofuel produced sustainably. This will also bring Formula 1 cars in line with road car fuel regulations.

What engines do F1 cars use in 2022?Conclusion

Despite the sweeping changes to the aerodynamics and other aspects of the F1 car, Formula 1 has left the engine largely untouched. It aims to increase the efficiency of the engine in use instead of changing it. But changes in the regulations for the power units and fuel composition will affect the performance of the engine. Teams will be hard-pressed to get their engines to optimum performance before the season begins.

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